Trustworthy preparation and contacting of micron-sized batteries is an essential task to enable reliable in situ TEM studies during electrochemical biasing. Some of the challenges and solutions for the preparation of all-solid-state batteries for in situ TEM electrochemical studies are discussed using an optimized focused ion beam (FIB) approach. In particular redeposition, resistivity, porosity of the electrodes/electrolyte and leakage current are addressed. Overcoming these challenges, an all-solid-state fluoride ion battery has been prepared as a model system for in situ TEM electrochemical biasing studies and first results on a Bi/La0.9Ba0.1F2.9 half-cell are presented.
Sample preparation of all-solid-state fluoride ion batteries using FIB has been discussed extensively, where redeposition, resistivity, porosity of the electrodes/electrolyte and leakage current are addressed. Through HRTEM imaging and diffraction patterns both anode and cathode sides were studied.