Nanometer-Resolution Electron Microscopy Through Micrometers-Thick Water Layers

Niels de Jonge, Nicolas Poirier-Demers, Hendrix Demers, Diana B. Peckys and Dominique Drouin, 2010
Poseidon Select TEM holder tip
Image courtesy of Ultramicroscopy


Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) was used to image gold nanoparticles on top of and below saline water layers of several micrometers thickness. The smallest gold nanoparticles studied had diameters of 1.4 nm and were visible for a liquid thickness of up to 3.3 μm. The imaging of gold nanoparticles below several micrometers of liquid was limited by broadening of the electron probe caused by scattering of the electron beam in the liquid. The experimental data corresponded to analytical models of the resolution and of the electron probe broadening as function of the liquid thickness. The results were also compared with Monte Carlo simulations of the STEM imaging on modeled specimens of similar geometry and composition as used for the experiments. Applications of STEM imaging in liquid can be found in cell biology, e.g., to study tagged proteins in whole eukaryotic cells in liquid and in materials science to study the interaction of solid:liquid interfaces at the nanoscale.

Impact Statement

Experimental and theoretical study of the obtainable resolution for liquid cell TEM.
Keywords: Nanoparticles, Resolution; Modeling